Ultrafast X-ray Liquidography and Crystallography to Visualize Reaction Dynamics

조회수 : 209 등록일 : 2018.11.05 16:22

일시 : 2018.11.07 17:00
소속 : KAIST 화학과
발표자 : 이효철
장소 : AS510

 The pump-probe X-ray diffraction and scattering techniques have now been fully established as a powerful method to investigate molecular structural dynamics [1-5]. We have employed the techniques to study structural dynamics and spatiotemporal kinetics of many molecular systems including diatomic molecules, haloalkanes, organometallic complexes and protein molecules (biopolymer) over timescales from ps to milliseconds. X-ray crystallography, the major structural tool to determine 3D structures of proteins, can be extended to time-resolved X-ray crystallography with a laser-excitation and X-ray-probe scheme, but has been limited to a few model systems due to the stringent prerequisites such as highly-ordered and radiation-resistant single crystals. These problems can be overcome by applying time-resolved X-ray diffraction directly to protein solutions rather than protein single crystals. To emphasize that structural information can be obtained from the liquid phase, this time-resolved X-ray solution scattering technique is named time-resolved X-ray liquidography (TRXL) in analogy to time-resolved X-ray crystallography where the structural information of reaction intermediates is obtained from the crystalline phase. We will present our recent results from both synchrotrons and X-ray free electron laser (XFELs) including the achievement of femtosecond TRXL by using an XFEL.

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