Versatile Dendrimer-Encapsulated Nanoparticles for Analytical Applications

조회수 : 85 등록일 : 2017.05.24 09:04

일시 : 2017.05.24 17:00
소속 : 경희대학교 화학과
발표자 : 김주훈
장소 : AS510
     There are two main topics presented here. One is synthesis of dendrimer-encapsulated nanoparticles (DENs) and their useful properties for analytical applications. Specifically, we synthesized Pt DENs containing an average of 55 Pt atoms using amine-terminated 4th-generation polyamidoamine (PAMAM) dendrimers, which we denote as G4-NH2(Pt55). The synthesized G4-NH2(Pt55) exhibited peroxidase-mimetic activity, superior or at least comparable to that of natural peroxidase enzymes such as horse radish peroxidase (HRP), and thus could be utilized as peroxidase-mimetic labels for sensitive colorimetric assays. In addition, we synthesized Pt DENs using amine-terminated nth generation PAMAM (Gn-NH2, n = 6 and 4) dendrimers. The synthesized Pt DENs showed different sizes over the range of 1-3 nm, but were fairly uniform and monodispersed in size with subnanometer accuracy. Interestingly, we found the size-dependent catalytic activity of the Pt DENs having well-defined sizes with subnanometer accuracy for the enhanced chemiluminescence of the luminol/H2O2 system. We demonstrated the analytical versatility of the Pt DEN-catalyzed generation of chemiluminescence in oxidase-based analyses toward various oxidase substrates including choline, glucose, and cholesterol. The other topic is functionalization of chip surfaces with DENs for fabrication of versatile chip-based analytical platforms. Two types of surface decoration methods will be mainly discussed: electrochemical decoration of glassy carbon and indium tin oxide surfaces, and covalent decoration of chemically converted graphene (CCG) surfaces. A brief description will be also presented how the chip-based analytical platforms can be applied as electrochemical, optical, and electrochemiluminescence (ECL) sensor chips based on the various transduction techniques.
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