|Genetic Incorporation of Biosynthesized L-dihydroxyphenylalanine (DOPA) and Its Application to Protein Conjugation|
: 260 : 2018.10.15 00:00
|JOVE-JOURNAL OF VISUALIZED EXPERIMENTS|
|Kim, S (Kim, Sanggil); Lee, HS (Lee, Hyun Soo) 2018.08.24|
Genetic Incorporation of Biosynthesized L-dihydroxyphenylalanine (DOPA) and Its Application to Protein Conjugation
[ 1 ] Sogang Univ, Dept Chem, Seoul, South Korea
L-dihydroxyphenylalanine (DOPA) is an amino acid found in the biosynthesis of catecholamines in animals and plants. Because of its particular biochemical properties, the amino acid has multiple uses in biochemical applications. This report describes a protocol for the genetic incorporation of biosynthesized DOPA and its application to protein conjugation. DOPA is biosynthesized by a tyrosine phenol-lyase (TPL) from catechol, pyruvate, and ammonia, and the amino acid is directly incorporated into proteins by the genetic incorporation method using an evolved aminoacyl-tRNA and aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase pair. This direct incorporation system efficiently incorporates DOPA with little incorporation of other natural amino acids and with better protein yield than the previous genetic incorporation system for DOPA. Protein conjugation with DOPA-containing proteins is efficient and site-specific and shows its usefulness for various applications. This protocol provides protein scientists with detailed procedures for the efficient biosynthesis of mutant proteins containing DOPA at desired sites and their conjugation for industrial and pharmaceutical applications.